Hyperammonemia can lead to cerebral dysfunction, encephalopathy, coma, and death if not treated adequately. The poor prognosis associated with this condition reflects the unmet medical need for effective ammonia-lowering treatments. Here, the translational potential of liposome-supported peritoneal dialysis (LSPD), a recently-developed detoxification strategy for the removal of small ionizable molecules like ammonia, is described. Dialysis fluids supplemented with micrometer-sized, transmembrane pH-gradient liposomes are prepared via an innovative, osmotic shock-based method overcoming sterilization and long-term stability issues. LSPD is able to sequester ammonia in healthy rats in relation to the injected dose, buffering capacity of the liposomal core, and membrane composition. In a rat model of cirrhosis, LSPD outperforms conventional peritoneal dialysis in lowering plasmatic ammonia levels and attenuating brain edema. LSPD does not trigger any hypersensitive reaction in pigs, a side effect commonly observed upon the injection of colloids in this animal model and in humans. These findings support the development of LSPD for the treatment of hyperammonemia-induced encephalopathy.